The Roman Bath, “Thermae Germisara”


Our travel plan carried on with a small excursion to the Geoagiu Bai. Dad has been the first one who brought to the table the idea. For sure, AB should see how beautiful is Romania. 


From Hunedoara it takes by driving on a road no more than 40 minutes. We always love to take it via Rapolt. It seems the way more picturesque. 


As usual, Cosmin has come with historical explanations. It is  so lovely his way to bring the history in our sights. 


In Roman times , Baile Geoagiu were known as  “Thermae Germisara” or  “Germisara as Thermis”.  Roman thermal baths ( Germisara ) kept almost the same shape as in ancient times, being built in the present location Geoagiu , a promontory circular diameter of 90-95 m . The bathrooms have worked in two phases ( Germisara and subsequently Thermae Dodona ) . In 1935 ,  while digging  the small basin of the present swimming pool with thermal water , they were unearthed statues representing the Aesculapius ( Aesculap ) and Aegean ( Hygeia ) , which testify to the intense life of those times . .. Interesting time… and  as history says,  the Dacians already knew of the thermal springs of the area.  The first settlements in the area can be found in the time of the Dacians, in the 1st century BC, as shown by archeological discoveries. … But Cosmin stated as well as other researches  showed  that the name came from the Hungarian name of the river Gyógy which means curative,  as has been found written villa Gyog by 1921. 


Here is certified too a kind of temple dedicated to the Nymphaeum  plus many others altars, statues, coins and precious metal ( seven plates by gold).  Relics and archaeological traces found inside the bath shows as well a strong and permanent service in the Roman period.


Photo: Google Images


The  water from Geoagiu springs is calcareous and ferrouginous with a temperature of 33°C.   The waters of the resort are used both in internal cure and as a bath for rheumatic diseases, paralysis, etc. Ferric sludge that is found here is also used for the therapeutic purposes.



After the Romans left Dacia, it is supposed that the place has been left in desolation.   The first mention after this has come in the medieval times from Geovani Andrea Gromo, an Italian mercenary, commander of the guard Prince John Sigismund Zapolya. He recorded the restoration of bathrooms by mid-century 16 by Queen Isabella, wife of  John Sigismund Zapolya Hungarian King. 



Today the Roman Baths attracts tourists from all around the world. The climate is moderate continental. The annual average temperature 9.8°C. 


Natural cure factors consist of alkaline mineral water, slightly sulphurous, bicarbonate, magnesium and thermal mesothermal (29-32°C) peat mud, ferruginous, sedative climate. Therapeutic Indications: musculoskeletal disorders (rheumatism, neuralgia) gynecological disorders, nurit and metabolic diseases, dermatological diseases, hepatitis, chronic cholecystitis. Ozonized air and always refreshed by breezes mountain, recommended for the treatment of diseases of the nervous system, tiredness, anemia, neurosis. These indications have a general character, in each case is required the specialists recommendation.





Photos: Google Images